This animation illustrates the phenomenon of canard explosion in the FitzHugh-Nagumo model. This model mimics the evolution of the membrane potential V(t) of a neuron depending on an applied current I. The branch of limit cycles born at a Hopf bifurcation HB (top left panel) shows a sharp ``almost-vertical" segment. In the associated time series (top right panel) this corresponds to a brutal transition from small-amplitude sub-threshold oscillations to spiking oscillation, that is, action potentials. In the parameter/variable space (IVw) (bottom panel), one can recognize the classical duck-shape periodic orbits called canards. They organize this rapid transition from stable stationary solutions before the Hopf point (solid line) to large-amplitude (relaxation-type) limit cycles.
|Author Institutional Affiliation||The University of Bristol|
|Author Postal Mail||Dept of Eng. Maths University Walk Bristol BS8 1TR UK|
|Keywords||slow-fast systems, canard phenomenon|